Conditional column for query based on other columns in MySQL

I’m pretty sure I’ve seen this somewhere, but I can’t find the right terminology so I’m having trouble…

Let’s say I have a table with user info (let’s also assume that it was created by someone who gets paid more than me, so modifying the schema is not an option.) Among the various columns of user info are columns for DOB and job title. I want a query that, based on what is in those columns, will include an extra column called “Real_Title”, for example:

User_id    Job_Title    DOB
  joe_1      manager    01/01/1950
  jim_1    associate    01/01/1970
 jill_1    associate    01/01/1985
 jane_1      manager    01/01/1975


SELECT User_id, Real_Title FROM users
IF (YEAR(DOB) < 1980 AND Job_Title = "manager")
   {Real_Title = "Old Fart"}
ELSE IF (YEAR(DOB) < 1980 AND Job_Title = "associate")
   {Real_Title = "Old Timer"}
ELSE IF (YEAR(DOB) > 1980 AND Job_Title = "manager")
   {Real_Title = "Eager Beaver"}
ELSE IF (YEAR(DOB) > 1980 AND Job_Title = "associate")
   {Real_Title = "Slacker"}

I know the above is not only wrong but also coded really inefficient, but I wanted to get the idea across.

Is there a way, without using joins, to populate a column based on information in one or more other columns in the same table?

Currently I’m using something in the PHP script after the results are obtained to channel those results into the groups I want, but if it can be done in the query, that would make porting the query to other scripts and languages much easier.



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Method 1

select User_id
    when (YEAR(DOB) < 1980 AND Job_Title = "manager")   then 'Old Fart'
    when (YEAR(DOB) < 1980 AND Job_Title = "associate") then 'Old Timer'
    when (YEAR(DOB) > 1980 AND Job_Title = "manager")   then 'Eager Beaver'
    when (YEAR(DOB) > 1980 AND Job_Title = "associate") then 'Slacker'
    else 'nobody'
as Real_Title 
from users

Method 2

If I understand correctly, I think you’re looking for the CASE statement:

SELECT User_id,
            WHEN YEAR(DOB) < 1980 AND Job_Title = "manager" THEN "Old Fart"
            WHEN YEAR(DOB) < 1980 AND Job_Title = "associate" THEN "Old Timer"
            ELSE "Unknown Title"
        END) AS Real_Title
FROM users;

All methods was sourced from or, is licensed under cc by-sa 2.5, cc by-sa 3.0 and cc by-sa 4.0

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