Is there a way in MySQL to calculate the offset for any timezone?
For example, to get the local time in the timezone
Asia/calcutta. What I want to do is calculate the offset for this timezone and add that offset to GMT to get the local time.
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If you want to calculate the offset of a time zone such as America/Vancouver from UTC you can do it as follows:
SELECT (unix_timestamp() - unix_timestamp(convert_tz(now(), 'Etc/UTC', 'America/Vancouver'))) / 3600 as offset;
For this to work you will first need to load the time zone information into mysql as outlined here: http://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/5.0/en/mysql-tzinfo-to-sql.html
SELECT TIMESTAMPDIFF(HOUR, UTC_TIMESTAMP(), NOW());
If the server’s timezone is PST this will return
SELECT TIMESTAMPDIFF(SECOND, NOW(), UTC_TIMESTAMP());
Add the result of the above to any unix timestamp if you want to compare it to MySQL DateTimes.
SELECT TIME_FORMAT(TIMEDIFF(NOW(), CONVERT_TZ(NOW(), 'Asia/Calcutta', 'UTC')), '%H:%i') AS offset;
+--------+ | offset | +--------+ | 05:30 | +--------+
The offset will depend on the time that you’re interested in – for instance, I’d currently have an offset of one hour from UTC, but during the winter my offset would be zero.
Judging by the docs page on MySQL time zone support, you want to use the
convert_tz function. If you’re trying to convert UTC to local time, pass in “Etc/GMT+0” as the “from” time zone, and “Asia/Calcutta” as the “to”.
I mixed up @ColinM and @Kenneth Spencer’s answers because I wanted the offset of an arbitrary timezone in hours:
TIMESTAMPDIFF(HOUR, UTC_TIMESTAMP(), CONVERT_TZ(UTC_TIMESTAMP(), "UTC", "America/Denver"))
SELECT ROUND(TIMESTAMPDIFF(MINUTE, UTC_TIMESTAMP(), CONVERT_TZ(UTC_TIMESTAMP(), "Etc/UTC", "Asia/Kolkata"))/60,1)
As Kenneth pointed out you’ll need to load the timezone info: http://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/5.0/en/mysql-tzinfo-to-sql.html
But then you can do fun things like find the offset for multiple timezones at once:
SELECT Name, TIMESTAMPDIFF(HOUR, UTC_TIMESTAMP(), CONVERT_TZ(UTC_TIMESTAMP(), "Etc/UTC", Name)) as Offset FROM mysql.time_zone_name WHERE (Name IN ('America/Vancouver', 'Etc/UTC', 'America/Denver'))
+-------------------+--------+ | Name | Offset | +-------------------+--------+ | America/Denver | -6 | | America/Vancouver | -7 | | Etc/UTC | 0 | +-------------------+--------+
I wonder if @ColinM’s answer above is safe. Does it read the clock once or twice? Is there any possibility that UTC_TIMESTAMP() and NOW() could be one second apart? I don’t know but this would avoid that.
SET @now = now(); SET @utc = CONVERT_TZ(@now, 'SYSTEM', '+00:00'); SELECT TIMESTAMPDIFF(MINUTE, @utc, @now);
SET time_zone = '-07:00';
You can just pass in an offset