I’ve just updated MariaDB using apt-get dist-upgrade. Now it won’t start using service mysql start anymore.
I can however, run it as root or do: sudo -u mysql mysqld_safe then MariaDB starts up fine. The folder /home/mysql is owned by the mysql user and group.
I’ve found the error to be thrown in this function:
I can’t figure out what to do next. Any pointers?
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To run MariaDB SQL from /home, in the file
/lib/systemd/system/mariadb.service, just change :
The answer by Thomas is correct, but get’s reset by updates every few months. So here is a permanent solution:
systemctl edit mariadb to create a file overwritting the default settings of the mariadb service. (In debian it’s located in
Set the same setting Thomas changed in the file:
systemctl daemon-reload to reload the systemctl config.
On debian 9 you need to change ProtectHome to false in both
/lib/systemd/system/[email protected] then run sudo systemctl daemon-reload.
Maybe also run
sudo grep -Ri "protecthome" /lib/systemd/system to find other instances of ProtectHome in mysql-related files if this still isn’t working
The workaround for this is mounting the directory in home as /var/lib/mysql:
mount --bind /home/mysql/var/lib/mysql /var/lib/mysql
Same situation after update on Debian 8 (Jessie) and 9 (Stretch). After “apt-get upgrade” the command
- service mysql start
the server fails to start and logs error:
[Warning] Can’t create test file /home/johndoe/UserDatabases/mypcname.lower-test
the solution is to change in file /lib/systemd/system/mariadb.service the value:
as described above.
@RedGiant yes I solved it. Forgot to post here.
Apparently after the .1 release you cannot run SQL from /home anymore. There’s probably a way around this but haven’t found it.
I can run MySQL from any location except /home. What I did was unmount /home (I had my SSD RAID mounted to /home) and re-mount my disk as /ssd. Changed my paths in the config and it worked right away.
I did not run SELinux or Apparmor.
I have faced the same issue as mentioned in the question. In my case, I wanted to move the MariaDB Data Directory to the /home/mysql folder but after changing the my.cnf file, MariaDB service was failing to start.
I have made the following changes in the file /lib/systemd/system/mariadb.service
ProtectHome=true to ProtectHome=false
It asked me to reload the daemon while starting the Mariadb service again. However, i have rebooted the server and started the MariaDB service without any issue.