Mongoose / MongoDB – update multiple documents with different _id and values in one instruction

I am looking for a way to update multiple MongoDB documents in one instruction. I am aware there is a updateMany() query, but it requires a strict filter parameter in order to update multiple documents.

I have an array of objects I’d like to update like so:

const objectsToUpdate = [
    { _id : 1, field : "a" },
    { _id : 2, field : "b" },
    { _id : 3, field : "c" }

The array is based on a file I retrieve from an FTP server. I check this file against the database and populate it if there are differences. I could iterate through the array and perform the findOneAndUpdate() query but I have to handle up to 5000 documents in a task.

I am looking for the update counterpart of insertMany() where the documents are looked up by _id and updated in one single query. Is this doable with Mongoose?


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Method 1

You can use bulkWrite that would be faster than multiple updateOne as there is only one round trip to MongoDB.

const bulkOps = => {
  return {
    updateOne: {
      filter: {
        _id: obj._id
      // If you were using the MongoDB driver directly, you'd need to do
      // `update: { $set: { field: ... } }` but mongoose adds $set for you
      update: {
        field: obj[field]

MongooseModel.bulkWrite(bulkOps).then((res) => {
  console.log("Documents Updated", res.modifiedCount)

All methods was sourced from or, is licensed under cc by-sa 2.5, cc by-sa 3.0 and cc by-sa 4.0

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