I am trying to do a query like this:
DELETE FROM term_hierarchy AS th WHERE th.parent = 1015 AND th.tid IN ( SELECT DISTINCT(th1.tid) FROM term_hierarchy AS th1 INNER JOIN term_hierarchy AS th2 ON (th1.tid = th2.tid AND th2.parent != 1015) WHERE th1.parent = 1015 );
As you can probably tell, I want to delete the parent relation to 1015 if the same tid has other parents. However, that yields me a syntax error:
You have an error in your SQL syntax; check the manual that corresponds to your MySQL server version for the right syntax to use near 'AS th WHERE th.parent = 1015 AND th.tid IN ( SELECT DISTINCT(th1.tid) FROM ter' at line 1
I have checked the documentation, and run the subquery by itself, and it all seems to check out. Can anyone figure out what’s wrong here?
Update: As answered below, MySQL does not allow the table you’re deleting from be used in a subquery for the condition.
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For others that find this question looking to delete while using a subquery, I leave you this example for outsmarting MySQL (even if some people seem to think it cannot be done):
DELETE e.* FROM tableE e WHERE id IN (SELECT id FROM tableE WHERE arg = 1 AND foo = 'bar');
will give you an error:
ERROR 1093 (HY000): You can't specify target table 'e' for update in FROM clause
However this query:
DELETE e.* FROM tableE e WHERE id IN (SELECT id FROM (SELECT id FROM tableE WHERE arg = 1 AND foo = 'bar') x);
will work just fine:
Query OK, 1 row affected (3.91 sec)
Wrap your subquery up in an additional subquery (here named x) and MySQL will happily do what you ask.
The alias should be included after the
DELETE th FROM term_hierarchy AS th WHERE th.parent = 1015 AND th.tid IN ( SELECT DISTINCT(th1.tid) FROM term_hierarchy AS th1 INNER JOIN term_hierarchy AS th2 ON (th1.tid = th2.tid AND th2.parent != 1015) WHERE th1.parent = 1015 );
You cannot specify target table for delete.
create table term_hierarchy_backup (tid int(10)); <- check data type insert into term_hierarchy_backup SELECT DISTINCT(th1.tid) FROM term_hierarchy AS th1 INNER JOIN term_hierarchy AS th2 ON (th1.tid = th2.tid AND th2.parent != 1015) WHERE th1.parent = 1015; DELETE FROM term_hierarchy AS th WHERE th.parent = 1015 AND th.tid IN (select tid from term_hierarchy_backup);
You need to refer to the alias again in the delete statement, like:
DELETE th FROM term_hierarchy AS th ....
I approached this in a slightly different way and it worked for me;
I needed to remove
secure_links from my table that referenced the
conditions table where there were no longer any condition rows left. A housekeeping script basically. This gave me the error – You cannot specify target table for delete.
So looking here for inspiration I came up with the below query and it works just fine.
This is because it creates a temporary table
sl1 that is used as the reference for the DELETE.
DELETE FROM `secure_links` WHERE `secure_links`.`link_id` IN ( SELECT `sl1`.`link_id` FROM ( SELECT `sl2`.`link_id` FROM `secure_links` AS `sl2` LEFT JOIN `conditions` ON `conditions`.`job` = `sl2`.`job` WHERE `sl2`.`action` = 'something' AND `conditions`.`ref` IS NULL ) AS `sl1` )
Works for me.
Isn’t the “in” clause in the delete … where, extremely inefficient, if there are going to be a large number of values returned from the subquery? Not sure why you would not just inner (or right) join back against the original table from the subquery on the ID to delete, rather than us the “in (subquery)”.?
DELETE T FROM Target AS T RIGHT JOIN (full subquery already listed for the in() clause in answers above) ` AS TT ON (TT.ID = T.ID)
And maybe it is answered in the “MySQL doesn’t allow it”, however, it is working fine for me PROVIDED I make sure to fully clarify what to delete (DELETE T FROM Target AS T). Delete with Join in MySQL clarifies the DELETE / JOIN issue.
If you want to do this with 2 queries, you can always do something similar to this:
1) grab ids from the table with:
SELECT group_concat(id) as csv_result FROM your_table WHERE whatever = 'test' ...
Then copy result with mouse/keyboard or programming language to XXX below:
2) DELETE FROM your_table WHERE id IN ( XXX )
Maybe you could do this in one query, but this is what I prefer.
you can use the alias in this way on the delete statement
DELETE th.* FROM term_hierarchy th INNER JOIN term_hierarchy th2 ON (th1.tid = th2.tid AND th2.parent != 1015) WHERE th.parent = 1015;
It works as expected.
However, I wonder the time complexity for having millions of rows in the table? Apparently, it took about
5ms to execute for having 5k records on a correctly indexed table.
SET status = '1' WHERE id IN ( SELECT id FROM ( SELECT c2.id FROM clusters as c2 WHERE c2.assign_to_user_id IS NOT NULL AND c2.id NOT IN ( SELECT c1.id FROM clusters AS c1 LEFT JOIN cluster_flags as cf on c1.last_flag_id = cf.id LEFT JOIN flag_types as ft on ft.id = cf.flag_type_id WHERE ft.slug = 'closed' ) ) x)``` Or is there something we can improve on my query above?