PDO::PARAM for dates?

Does some PDO::PARAM_??? exist which can be used for dates or timestamps?

Sample code:

$sql = "UPDATE my_table SET current_date = :date WHERE id = 43";
$statement = $pdo->prepare ($sql);
$statement->bindValue (":date", strtotime (date ("Y-m-d H:i:s")), PDO::PARAM_STR);
$statement->execute ();


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Method 1

When writing a date in an SQL query, you are writing it as a string; you have to do the same with prepared statements, and use PDO::PARAM_STR, like you did in the portion of code you proposed.

And for the “timestamp”, if by “timestamp” you mean:

  • The MySQL timestamp data-type: it’s the same, you’ll pass it as a string
  • The PHP Unix timestamp, which is an integer: you’ll pass it an int.

Method 2

Simply creating the date using php date function should fix this issue for you.

$handle->execute(array(":date"=>date("Y-m-d H:i:s", strtotime($date)), PDO::PARAM_STR));

Edit: Please note though, that strtotime
(http://php.net/manual/en/function.strtotime.php) can’t handle every
kind of date formats.

Method 3

Nope. Treat date as a string.

Method 4

You have to treat the date as string, but you can create a function to check if is a valid date before pass it as a param.
Like this:

function checkValidDate($date, $format = "dd-mm-yyyy"){
            if($format === "dd-mm-yyyy"){
            $day = (int) substr($date,0,2);
            $month = (int) substr($date, 3,2);
            $year = (int) substr($date, 6,4);

        }else if($format === "yyyy-mm-dd"){
            $day = (int) substr($date,8,2);
            $month = (int) substr($date, 5,2);
            $year = (int) substr($date, 0,4);

        return checkdate($month, $day, $year);

Method 5

A complete section to properly store a DateTime value (as a string) in a RDBMS:

/** @const string app_date_format expected date format in the PHP domain (Swiss) */
define( 'app_date_format', 'd.m.Y' ); 

/** @var PDOConnection $db */
$db = new PDO( $dsn, $db_user, $db_pass, $db_options );

/** @var DateTime $date */
$date = DateTime::createFromFormat( app_date_format, '30.11.2020' );

$stmt = $db-> prepare(
    "UPDATE `test`
    SET `test_date` = STR_TO_DATE(:date, '%Y-%m-%d %H:%i:%s' )
    WHERE `test`.`test_id` = :id"

$id = 1;
$stmt->bindValue( ':id', $id );
$stmt->bindValue( ':date', $date-> format( 'Y-m-d H:i:s'));
$stmt->execute() or die( $stmt-> errorInfo()[2] );

Tested with PHP 7.4.25; MariaDB 10.6.4

Method 6

This worked for me.

$sql = "UPDATE my_table SET current_date = GETDATE() WHERE id = 43";
$statement = $pdo->prepare ($sql);
//$statement->bindParam (":date", strtotime (date ("Y-m-d H:i:s")), PDO::PARAM_STR);
$statement->execute ();

All methods was sourced from stackoverflow.com or stackexchange.com, is licensed under cc by-sa 2.5, cc by-sa 3.0 and cc by-sa 4.0

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