Automapper – Mapper already initialized error

I am using AutoMapper 6.2.0 in my ASP.NET MVC 5 application.

When I call my view through controller it shows all things right. But, when I refresh that view, Visual Studio shows an error:

System.InvalidOperationException: ‘Mapper already initialized. You must call Initialize once per application domain/process.’

I am using AutoMapper only in one controller. Not made any configuration in any place yet nor used AutoMapper in any other service or controller.

My controller:

public class StudentsController : Controller
{
    private DataContext db = new DataContext();

    // GET: Students
    public ActionResult Index([Form] QueryOptions queryOptions)
    {
        var students = db.Students.Include(s => s.Father);

        AutoMapper.Mapper.Initialize(cfg =>
        {
            cfg.CreateMap<Student, StudentViewModel>();
        });
            return View(new ResulList<StudentViewModel> {
            QueryOptions = queryOptions,
            Model = AutoMapper.Mapper.Map<List<Student>,List<StudentViewModel>>(students.ToList())
        });
    }

    // Other Methods are deleted for ease...

Error within controller:

enter image description here

My Model class:

public class Student
{
    [Key]
    public int Id { get; set; }
    public string Name { get; set; }
    public string CNIC { get; set; }
    public string FormNo { get; set; }
    public string PreviousEducaton { get; set; }
    public string DOB { get; set; }
    public int AdmissionYear { get; set; }

    public virtual Father Father { get; set; }
    public virtual Sarparast Sarparast { get; set; }
    public virtual Zamin Zamin { get; set; }
    public virtual ICollection<MulaqatiMehram> MulaqatiMehram { get; set; }
    public virtual ICollection<Result> Results { get; set; }
}

My ViewModel Class:
public class StudentViewModel
{
    [Key]
    public int Id { get; set; }

    public string Name { get; set; }
    public string CNIC { get; set; }
    public string FormNo { get; set; }
    public string PreviousEducaton { get; set; }
    public string DOB { get; set; }
    public int AdmissionYear { get; set; }

    public virtual FatherViewModel Father { get; set; }
    public virtual SarparastViewModel Sarparast { get; set; }
    public virtual ZaminViewModel Zamin { get; set; }
}

Answers:

Thank you for visiting the Q&A section on Magenaut. Please note that all the answers may not help you solve the issue immediately. So please treat them as advisements. If you found the post helpful (or not), leave a comment & I’ll get back to you as soon as possible.

Method 1

If you want/need to stick with the static implementation in a unit testing scenario, note that you can call AutoMapper.Mapper.Reset() before calling initialize. Do note that this should not be used in production code as noted in the documentation.

Source: AutoMapper documentation.

Method 2

When you refresh the view you are creating a new instance of the StudentsController — and therefore reinitializing your Mapper — resulting in the error message “Mapper already initialized”.

From the Getting Started Guide

Where do I configure AutoMapper?

If you’re using the static Mapper method, configuration should only happen once per AppDomain. That means the best place to put the configuration code is in application startup, such as the Global.asax file for ASP.NET applications.

One way to set this up is to place all of your mapping configurations into a static method.

App_Start/AutoMapperConfig.cs:

public class AutoMapperConfig
{
    public static void Initialize()
    {
        Mapper.Initialize(cfg =>
        {
            cfg.CreateMap<Student, StudentViewModel>();
            ...
        });
    }
}

Then call this method in the Global.asax.cs
protected void Application_Start()
{
    App_Start.AutoMapperConfig.Initialize();
}

Now you can (re)use it in your controller actions.
public class StudentsController : Controller
{
    public ActionResult Index(int id)
    {
        var query = db.Students.Where(...);

        var students = AutoMapper.Mapper.Map<List<StudentViewModel>>(query.ToList());

        return View(students);
    }
}

Method 3

I’ve used this method before and it worked till version 6.1.1

 Mapper.Initialize(cfg => cfg.CreateMap<ContactModel, ContactModel>()
            .ConstructUsing(x => new ContactModel(LoggingDelegate))
            .ForMember(x => x.EntityReference, opt => opt.Ignore())
        );

Since version 6.2, this doesn’t work any more. To correctly use Automapper create a new Mapper and us this one like this:
 var mapper = new MapperConfiguration(cfg => cfg.CreateMap<ContactModel, ContactModel>()
            .ConstructUsing(x => new ContactModel(LoggingDelegate))
            .ForMember(x => x.EntityReference, opt => opt.Ignore())).CreateMapper();

        var model = mapper.Map<ContactModel>(this);

Method 4

In case you really need to “re-initialize” AutoMapper you should switch to the instance based API to avoid System.InvalidOperationException: Mapper already initialized. You must call Initialize once per application domain/process.

For example, when you are creating the TestServer for xUnit tests you can just set ServiceCollectionExtensions.UseStaticRegistration inside fixure class constructor to false to make the trick:

public TestServerFixture()
{
    ServiceCollectionExtensions.UseStaticRegistration = false; // <-- HERE

    var hostBuilder = new WebHostBuilder()
        .UseEnvironment("Testing")
        .UseStartup<Startup>();

    Server = new TestServer(hostBuilder);
    Client = Server.CreateClient();
}

Method 5

You can use automapper as Static API and Instance API ,
Mapper already initialized is common issue in Static API , you can use mapper.Reset()
where you initialized mapper but this this not an answer at all.

Just try with instance API

var students = db.Students.Include(s => s.Father);

var config = new MapperConfiguration(cfg => {
               cfg.CreateMap<Student, StudentViewModel>();        
             });

IMapper iMapper = config.CreateMapper();          
return iMapper.Map<List<Student>, List<StudentViewModel>>(students);

Method 6

For Unit Testing, you can add Mapper.Reset() to your unit test class

[TearDown]
public void TearDown()
{
    Mapper.Reset();
}

Method 7

Automapper 8.0.0 version

    AutoMapper.Mapper.Reset();
    Mapper.Initialize(
     cfg => {
         cfg.CreateMap<sourceModel,targetModel>();
       }
    );

Method 8

You can simply use Mapper.Reset().

Example:

public static TDestination MapToObject<TSource, TDestination>(TSource Obj)
{
    Mapper.Initialize(cfg => cfg.CreateMap<TSource, TDestination>());
    TDestination tDestination = Mapper.Map<TDestination>(Obj);
    Mapper.Reset();
    return tDestination;
}

Method 9

If you are using MsTest you can use the AssemblyInitialize attribute so that mapping gets configured only once for that assembly (here test assembly). This is generally added into to the base class of controller unit tests.

[TestClass]
public class BaseUnitTest
{
    [AssemblyInitialize]
    public static void AssemblyInit(TestContext context)
    {
        AutoMapper.Mapper.Initialize(cfg =>
        {
            cfg.CreateMap<Source, Destination>()
                .ForMember(dest => dest.Id, opt => opt.MapFrom(src => src.EmailAddress));
        });
    }
}

I hope this answer helps

Method 10

private static bool _mapperIsInitialized = false;
        public InventoryController()
        {

            if (!_mapperIsInitialized)
            {

                _mapperIsInitialized = true;
                Mapper.Initialize(
                    cfg =>
                    {
                        cfg.CreateMap<Inventory, Inventory>()
                        .ForMember(x => x.Orders, opt => opt.Ignore());
                    }
                    );
            }
        }

Method 11

If you are using Mapper in UnitTest and your tests more then one, You may use Mapper.Reset()

`

//Your mapping.
 public static void Initialize()
 {
   Mapper.Reset();                    
   Mapper.Initialize(cfg =>
   {  
       cfg.CreateMap<***>    
   }

//Your test classes.

 [TestInitialize()]
 public void Initialize()
 {
      AutoMapping.Initialize();
 }`


All methods was sourced from stackoverflow.com or stackexchange.com, is licensed under cc by-sa 2.5, cc by-sa 3.0 and cc by-sa 4.0

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