Dump a mysql database to a plaintext (CSV) backup from the command line

I’d like to avoid mysqldump since that outputs in a form that is only convenient for mysql to read. CSV seems more universal (one file per table is fine). But if there are advantages to mysqldump, I’m all ears. Also, I’d like something I can run from the command line (linux). If that’s a mysql script, pointers to how to make such a thing would be helpful.