How do I authenticate a WebClient request?

I am making a call to a page on my site using webclient. I’m trying to get the result of the webpage put into a pdf so I am trying to get a string representation of the rendered page. The problem is that the request is not authenticated so all I get is a login screen. I have sent the UseDefaultCredentials property to true but I still get the same result. Below is a portion of my code:

 WebClient webClient = new WebClient();
 webClient.Encoding = Encoding.UTF8;

 webClient.UseDefaultCredentials = true;
 return Encoding.UTF8.GetString(webClient.UploadValues(link, "POST",form));

Answers:

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Method 1

You need to give the WebClient object the credentials. Something like this…

 WebClient client = new WebClient();
 client.Credentials = new NetworkCredential("username", "password");

Method 2

What kind of authentication are you using? If it’s Forms authentication, then at best, you’ll have to find the .ASPXAUTH cookie and pass it in the WebClient request.

At worst, it won’t work.

Method 3

Public Function getWeb(ByRef sURL As String) As String
    Dim myWebClient As New System.Net.WebClient()

    Try
        Dim myCredentialCache As New System.Net.CredentialCache()
        Dim myURI As New Uri(sURL)
        myCredentialCache.Add(myURI, "ntlm", System.Net.CredentialCache.DefaultNetworkCredentials)
        myWebClient.Encoding = System.Text.Encoding.UTF8
        myWebClient.Credentials = myCredentialCache
        Return myWebClient.DownloadString(myURI)
    Catch ex As Exception
        Return "Exception " & ex.ToString()
    End Try
End Function

Method 4

This helped me to call API that was using cookie authentication. I have passed authorization in header like this:

request.Headers.Set("Authorization", Utility.Helper.ReadCookie("AuthCookie"));

complete code:

// utility method to read the cookie value:
        public static string ReadCookie(string cookieName)
        {
            var cookies = HttpContext.Current.Request.Cookies;
            var cookie = cookies.Get(cookieName);
            if (cookie != null)
                return cookie.Value;
            return null;
        }

// using statements where you are creating your webclient
using System.Web.Script.Serialization;
using System.Net;
using System.IO;

// WebClient:

var requestUrl = "<API_url>";
var postRequest = new ClassRoom { name = "kushal seth" };

using (var webClient = new WebClient()) {
      JavaScriptSerializer serializer = new JavaScriptSerializer();
      byte[] requestData = Encoding.ASCII.GetBytes(serializer.Serialize(postRequest));
      HttpWebRequest request = WebRequest.Create(requestUrl) as HttpWebRequest;
      request.Method = "POST";
      request.ContentType = "application/json";                        
      request.ContentLength = requestData.Length;
      request.ContentType = "application/json";
      request.Expect = "application/json";
      request.Headers.Set("Authorization", Utility.Helper.ReadCookie("AuthCookie"));
      request.GetRequestStream().Write(requestData, 0, requestData.Length);

      using (var response = (HttpWebResponse)request.GetResponse()) {
         var reader = new StreamReader(response.GetResponseStream());
         var objText = reader.ReadToEnd(); // objText will have the value
      }
}


All methods was sourced from stackoverflow.com or stackexchange.com, is licensed under cc by-sa 2.5, cc by-sa 3.0 and cc by-sa 4.0

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