MemoryCache Empty : Returns null after being set

I have a problem with an MVC 3 application that is using the new .NET 4 System.Runtime.Caching MemoryCache. I notice that after a seemingly unpredictable time, it stops caching stuff, and acts like it’s empty. Consider this bit of code that I took straight from a test View in ASP.NET MVC:

MemoryCache.Default.Set("myname","fred", new CacheItemPolicy() { SlidingExpiration = new TimeSpan(0,5,0) });
Response.Write(MemoryCache.Default["myname"]);

When it’s working, predictably “fred” gets printed. However, when the problem starts to occur, despite the Set(), the value of MemoryCache.Default["myname"] is null. I can prove this by setting a breakpoint on the Response.Write() line and directly setting and reading from the cache using the Immediate Window – It just won’t set it and stays null! The only way to get it working again then is to cause an AppDomain recycle.

Intriguingly I can provoke the problem into occurring when the app is working normally by breaking on the Response.Write() line and running MemoryCache.Default.Dispose(). After that, MemoryCache.Default is not null itself (why is this?), but won’t save anything set on it. It doesn’t cause any errors, but just won’t save anything.

Can anybody verify this and explain? As I believe I have discovered, when the app stops working on its own, something is Disposing MemoryCache.Default, but it’s not me!


UPDATE

Well, I’m sick of this prob now! CLRProfiler doesn’t seem to work with MVC 3. SciTech’s CLR tool was good – so was RedGate ANTS. But all they told me was that the MemoryCache object is being disposed by something! I also proved (via a timestamp print) that a PartialView on my page that should be cached (specified by OutputCacheAttribute) stops being cached after a few minutes – it starts refreshing with every call to the page. Just to clarify the environment, I am running directly on the IIS 7.5 server on my development workstation running Win 7 Ultimate. The memory tools mentioned above suggest I am only using about 9mb of memory in terms of objects in play.

In desperation I have changed my caching code to first search for an ambient HttpContext to hook onto and use its Caching functionality, if one’s available. Early tests show this is reliable, but it feels like a nasty hack.

Am getting the feeling that MemoryCache and OutputCache aren’t warranted to work with MVC 3…

Answers:

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Method 1

So, here’s some news. We looked into this and YES, this is a bug in .NET 4.

The good news is that it was fixed in .NET 4.5, so if you can, update your installation to .NET 4.5 and you’re solid.

The other good news it that this fix has been back-ported to .NET 4 and will be available as a QFE (Quick Fix…a one off fix you’ll apply) #578315. It was backported/fixed just days ago and it should be out ASAP. I’ll try to get an exact date, but it’s soon.

The other other good news is that there’s a workaround for this on .NET 4 before the QFE. The workaround is weird, but it could unblock you.

using (ExecutionContext.SuppressFlow())     {
          // Create memory cache instance under disabled execution context flow
         return new YourCacheThing.GeneralMemoryCache(…);
}

Hope this helps.

UPDATE: The Hotfix is http://support.microsoft.com/kb/2828843 and you can request it here: https://support.microsoft.com/contactus/emailcontact.aspx?scid=sw;%5BLN%5D;1422

Method 2

We have the same problem. I confirm that after some period of time cache became disposed. It’s private field _disposed became 1. I am sure that I don’t have call to cache.Dispose in my code. But when I looked at code of MemoryCache with Reflector I saw, that in constructor it subscribes on two events

domain.DomainUnload += eventHandler;
domain.UnhandledException += exceptionEventHandler;

private void OnAppDomainUnload(object unusedObject, EventArgs unusedEventArgs)
{
  this.Dispose();
}

private void OnUnhandledException(object sender, UnhandledExceptionEventArgs eventArgs)
{
  if (!eventArgs.IsTerminating)
    return;
  this.Dispose();
}

Both of these event handlers have call to Dispose. May be after some domain recycling in IIS it causes domain unload, but keeps cache in memory(i’am not shure if it is possible).

Method 3

I have been experiencing the exact same symptoms. I have finally resulted to using the System.Web.Cache class instead and hooking into HttpContext.Cache. It has been working perfectly for the last 3 days..

Method 4

See also these links related to the same problem.

MemoryCache gets disposed after PollingInterval when used in WebApp in Integrated Pipeline mode

http://connect.microsoft.com/VisualStudio/feedback/details/764911/memorycache-gets-disposed-after-pollinginterval-when-used-in-webapp-in-integrated-pipeline-mode

MemoryCache get in Disposed state Magically

http://social.msdn.microsoft.com/Forums/en-US/netfxbcl/thread/1233ffb3-6480-431b-94ca-1190f96cf5f6

Method 5

The MemoryCache will automatically evict items if it hits it’s memory limit. This could be happening in your case, do you have a lot of items in the cache?

You can control the limits with configuration. By default it optimises based on the available memory.

Certainly calling Dispose will stop the MemoryCache instance working as it will clean up all unmanaged resources ready for disposal. You should only call Dispose if you do not intend to use the MemoryCache any more. I don’t think this is necessary the problem in your case, other than when you call it.


All methods was sourced from stackoverflow.com or stackexchange.com, is licensed under cc by-sa 2.5, cc by-sa 3.0 and cc by-sa 4.0

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