Node.js – Convert PDF base64 to PNG base64 on Lambda

I recently developed an application running on Lambda Node.js 14.x, lost lots of time on this part. So I think this post may help someone to save their time. Don’t hesitate to leave a comment below if you found this post is hard to understand or if you have any questions.

1. NPM package

I use pdf2pic for converting PDF to PNG.

npm i pdf2pic

2. serverless.yaml

pdf2pic requires some native dependencies so we need to add required layers to Lambda function:

    handler: yours.handler
      - arn:aws:lambda:us-west-2:175033217214:layer:graphicsmagick:2
      - arn:aws:lambda:us-west-2:764866452798:layer:ghostscript:9

Replace us-west-2 with your Lambda function region.

3. JS Code

let convertPdfToPng = require('pdf2pic').fromBase64;
let fs = require('fs').promises;

async function pdf2png(pdfData, tmpFilename) {
    const pdf2picOptions = {
        format: 'png',
        width: 768, // x2 4inch
        height: 1152, // x2 6inch
        density: 300,
        savePath: '/tmp',
        saveFilename: tmpFilename
    const pageNumber = 1; // First page

    return new Promise(function(resolve, reject) {
        const convert = convertPdfToPng(pdfData, pdf2picOptions);
        convert(pageNumber).then((response) => {
            fs.readFile(response.path, {encoding: 'base64'}).then(function (data) {

                // remove the temp file to save space
                fs.unlink(response.path, function (err) {
                    if (err) throw err;


let pngBase64 = await pdf2png(pdfBase64, aUniqueValueVariable)


  1. Don’t just copy the code
  2. Modify pdf2picOptions to suit your purpose
  3. Modify pageNumber to suit your purpose (you may want to pass it as a ref variable)
  4. Each time you call the function, you need to pass a unique value to tmpFilename variable to prevent read/write conflict between multiple processes.



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Ego Bay
Ego Bay
2 months ago

I’m getting timeout in AWS lambda. Could you share how you integrate with handler function?