Optional Parameters in Web Api Attribute Routing

I want to handle POST of the following API-Call:


Additional Parameter are coming from the Post-Body.

This all works fine for me. Now I wnat to extend my code by allowing “deviceid” and/or “appid” and/or BodyData to be null:


These 3 URLs should responded by the same route.

My first approach (BodyData required):

[Route("v1/location/{deviceid}/{appid}", Name = "AddNewLocation")]
public location_fromuser Post(string deviceid = null, string appid = null, [FromBody] location_fromuser BodyData)
    return repository.AddNewLocation(deviceid, appid, BodyData);

This does not work and returns a compile error:

“optional Parameters must be at the end”

Next try:

[Route("v1/location/{deviceid}/{appid}", Name = "AddNewLocation")]
public location_fromuser Post([FromBody] location_fromuser BodyData, string deviceid = null, string appid = null)

Now my function AddNewLocation() get always an BodyData=null – even if the call send the Body.

Finally I set all 3 Parameter optional:

[Route("v1/location/{deviceid}/{appid}", Name = "AddNewLocation")]
public location_fromuser Post(string deviceid = null, string appid = null, [FromBody location_fromuser BodyData = null)

Don´t work:

Optional parameter BodyData is not supported by FormatterParameterBinding.

Why do I want a solution with optional Parameters? My Controller handles just the “adding of a new Location” via a POST.

I want to send on wrong data my own exceptions or error messages. Even if the call has missing values. In this case I want to be able to decide to throw an exception or Setting Defaults by my code.


Thank you for visiting the Q&A section on Magenaut. Please note that all the answers may not help you solve the issue immediately. So please treat them as advisements. If you found the post helpful (or not), leave a comment & I’ll get back to you as soon as possible.

Method 1

For an incoming request like /v1/location/1234, as you can imagine it would be difficult for Web API to automatically figure out if the value of the segment corresponding to ‘1234’ is related to appid and not to deviceid.

I think you should change your route template to be like
[Route("v1/location/{deviceOrAppid?}", Name = "AddNewLocation")] and then parse the deiveOrAppid to figure out the type of id.

Also you need to make the segments in the route template itself optional otherwise the segments are considered as required. Note the ? character in this case.
For example:
[Route("v1/location/{deviceOrAppid?}", Name = "AddNewLocation")]

Method 2

Another info: If you want use a Route Constraint, imagine that you want force that parameter has int datatype, then you need use this syntax:

[Route("v1/location/**{deviceOrAppid:int?}**", Name = "AddNewLocation")]

The ? character is put always before the last } character

For more information see: Optional URI Parameters and Default Values

Method 3

An additional fact to complement @Kiran Chala’s answer –

When we mark any parameter (id) as optional in the action URI using ? character(for nullable value types) then we must provide default value to the parameter in the method signature as shown below:

[Route("v1/location/{deviceid}/{appid}", Name = "AddNewLocation")]
public location_fromuser Post(string name, int? Id = null)

Method 4

Ok, I fallen here with my internet research and I continue my way, because the accepted solution not working with dotnet core 3.1.
So here is my solution, following this doc

public async Task<IActionResult> PostSomething(string name, Guid? parentId = null)
    return Ok(await Task.FromResult(new List<string>()));

By this way many routes go to this single API function

All methods was sourced from stackoverflow.com or stackexchange.com, is licensed under cc by-sa 2.5, cc by-sa 3.0 and cc by-sa 4.0

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