Recursive TreeView in ASP.NET

I have an object of type list from which I wish to use to populate a treeview in asp.net c#.

Each object item has:

id | Name | ParentId

so for example:
id | Name     | ParentId
-------------------------
1  | Alice    | 0
2  | Bob      | 1
3  | Charlie  | 1
4  | David    | 2

In the above example, the parent would be Alice having two children Bob and Charlie. David is the child of Bob.

I have had many problems trying to dynamically populate the treeview recursively in c# ASP.NET

Does any one have a simple solution?

Btw: you can use People.Id, People.Name and People.ParentId to access the members since it is an object belonging to list.

I can post you my code so far (many attempts made) but not sure how useful it will be.

Answers:

Thank you for visiting the Q&A section on Magenaut. Please note that all the answers may not help you solve the issue immediately. So please treat them as advisements. If you found the post helpful (or not), leave a comment & I’ll get back to you as soon as possible.

Method 1

I think this should get you started. I created a MyObject class to mimic your object .

public class MyObject
{
    public int Id;
    public int ParentId;
    public string Name;
}

Here is a method to recursivley add tree view nodes based on the list.
protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
{
    if (!IsPostBack)
    {
        List<MyObject> list = new List<MyObject>();
        list.Add(new MyObject(){Id=1, Name="Alice", ParentId=0});
        list.Add(new MyObject(){Id=2, Name="Bob", ParentId=1});
        list.Add(new MyObject(){Id=3, Name="Charlie", ParentId=1});
        list.Add(new MyObject(){Id=4, Name="David", ParentId=2});            

        BindTree(list, null);            
    }
}

private void BindTree(IEnumerable<MyObject> list, TreeNode parentNode)
{
    var nodes = list.Where(x => parentNode == null ? x.ParentId == 0 : x.ParentId == int.Parse(parentNode.Value));
    foreach (var node in nodes)
    {
        TreeNode newNode = new TreeNode(node.Name, node.Id.ToString());
        if (parentNode == null)
        {
            treeView1.Nodes.Add(newNode);
        }
        else
        {
            parentNode.ChildNodes.Add(newNode);
        }
        BindTree(list, newNode);
    }
}

Method 2

This is a sample with Category entity that references itself. First we should prepare our data source:

public class Category
    {
        public int Id { get; set; }
        public string  Name { get; set; }
        public int? ParentId { get; set; }
        public virtual Category Parent { get; set; }
        public virtual ICollection<Category> Children { get; set; }
        public byte[] Image { get; set; }
    }

public class Product
    {
        public int Id { get; set; }
        public string Code { get; set; }
        public string Name { get; set; }
        public Category ProductCategory { get; set; }
        public int ProductCategoryId { get; set; }
        public byte[] Image { get; set; }
    }

public List<Category> GethierarchicalTree(int? parentId=null)
        {
            var allCats = new BaseRepository<Category>().GetAll();

            return allCats.Where(c => c.ParentId == parentId)
                            .Select(c => new Category()
                            {
                                Id = c.Id,
                                Name = c.Name,
                                ParentId = c.ParentId,
                                Children = GetChildren(allCats.ToList(), c.Id)
                            })
                            .ToList();
        }

        public List<Category> GetChildren(List<Category> cats, int parentId)
        {
            return cats.Where(c => c.ParentId == parentId)
                    .Select(c => new Category
                    {
                        Id = c.Id,
                        Name = c.Name,
                        ParentId = c.ParentId,
                        Children = GetChildren(cats, c.Id)
                    })
                    .ToList();
        }

Then in our code behind we have:
 protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
            var hierarchicalData = new CategoryRepository().GethierarchicalTree();
            tv1.Nodes.Clear();
            var root = new TreeNode("0","Root");
            tv1.Nodes.Add(root);
            BindTreeRecursive(hierarchicalData, root);
        }

        private void BindTreeRecursive(List<Category> hierarchicalData, TreeNode node)
        {
            foreach (Category category in hierarchicalData)
            {
                if (category.Children.Any())
                {
                    var n = new TreeNode(category.Name, category.Id.ToString());
                    node.ChildNodes.Add(n);
                    BindTreeRecursive(category.Children.ToList(), n);
                }
                else
                {
                    var n = new TreeNode(category.Name, category.Id.ToString());
                    node.ChildNodes.Add(n);

                    if (new ProductRepository().Get(a => a.ProductCategoryId == category.Id).Any())
                    {
                        var catRelatedProducts = new ProductRepository().Get(a => a.ProductCategoryId == category.Id).ToList();

                        foreach (Product product in catRelatedProducts)
                        {
                            n.ChildNodes.Add(new TreeNode(product.Name,product.Id.ToString()));
                        }
                    }
                }
            }
        }

Method 3

    //In load for example
    if (!IsPostBack)
    {
            DataSet ds = new DataSet();
            ds = getRoles(); //function that gets data collection from db.

            tvRoles.Nodes.Clear();

            BindTree(ds, null); 
            tvRoles.DataBind();

    }       

    private void BindTree(DataSet ds, TreeNode parentNode)
    {
        DataRow[] ChildRows;
        if (parentNode == null)
        {
            string strExpr = "ParentId=0";
            ChildRows = ds.Tables[0].Select(strExpr);                    
        }
        else
        {
            string strExpr = "ParentId=" + parentNode.Value.ToString();
            ChildRows = ds.Tables[0].Select(strExpr); 
        }   
        foreach (DataRow dr in ChildRows)
        {
            TreeNode newNode = new TreeNode(dr["Name"].ToString(), dr["Id"].ToString());
            if (parentNode == null)
            {
                tvRoles.Nodes.Add(newNode);
            }
            else
            {
                parentNode.ChildNodes.Add(newNode);
            }
            BindTree(ds, newNode);
        }
    }


All methods was sourced from stackoverflow.com or stackexchange.com, is licensed under cc by-sa 2.5, cc by-sa 3.0 and cc by-sa 4.0

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