Using Panel or PlaceHolder

What is the difference between <asp:Panel > and <asp:PlaceHolder > in ASP.NET?

When should you use one over the other?


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Method 1

A panel expands to a span (or a div), with it’s content within it. A placeholder is just that, a placeholder that’s replaced by whatever you put in it.

Method 2

The Placeholder does not render any tags for itself, so it is great for grouping content without the overhead of outer HTML tags.

The Panel does have outer HTML tags but does have some cool extra properties.

  • BackImageUrl: Gets/Sets the
    background image’s URL for the panel
  • HorizontalAlign: Gets/Sets the
    horizontal alignment of the parent’s
  • Wrap: Gets/Sets whether the
    panel’s content wraps

There is a good article at startvbnet here.

Method 3

PlaceHolder control

Use the PlaceHolder control as a container to store server controls that are dynamically added to the Web page. The PlaceHolder control does not produce any visible output and is used only as a container for other controls on the Web page. You can use the Control.Controls collection to add, insert, or remove a control in the PlaceHolder control.

Panel control

The Panel control is a container for other controls. It is especially useful when you want to generate controls programmatically, hide/show a group of controls, or localize a group of controls.

The Direction property is useful for localizing a Panel control’s content to display text for languages that are written from right to left, such as Arabic or Hebrew.

The Panel control provides several properties that allow you to customize the behavior and display of its contents. Use the BackImageUrl property to display a custom image for the Panel control. Use the ScrollBars property to specify scroll bars for the control.

Small differences when rendering HTML: a PlaceHolder control will render nothing, but Panel control will render as a <div>.

More information at ASP.NET Forums

Method 4

I weird bug* in visual studio 2010, if you put controls inside a Placeholder it does not render them in design view mode.

This is especially true for Hidenfields and Empty labels.

I would love to use placeholders instead of panels but I hate the fact I cant put other controls inside placeholders at design time in the GUI.

Method 5

As mentioned in other answers, the Panel generates a <div> in HTML, while the PlaceHolder does not. But there are a lot more reasons why you could choose either one.

Why a PlaceHolder?

Since it generates no tag of it’s own you can use it safely inside other element that cannot contain a <div>, for example:

        <td>Row 1</td>
    <asp:PlaceHolder ID="PlaceHolder1" runat="server"></asp:PlaceHolder>

You can also use a PlaceHolder to control the Visibility of a group of Controls without wrapping it in a <div>
<asp:PlaceHolder ID="PlaceHolder1" runat="server" Visible="false">
    <asp:Label ID="Label1" runat="server" Text="Label"></asp:Label>
    <br />
    <asp:TextBox ID="TextBox1" runat="server"></asp:TextBox>

Why a Panel

It generates it’s own <div> and can also be used to wrap a group of Contols. But a Panel has a lot more properties that can be useful to format it’s content:

<asp:Panel ID="Panel1" runat="server" Font-Bold="true"
    BackColor="Green" ForeColor="Red" Width="200"
    Height="200" BorderColor="Black" BorderStyle="Dotted">
    Red text on a green background with a black dotted border.

But the most useful feature is the DefaultButton property. When the ID matches a Button in the Panel it will trigger a Form Post with Validation when enter is pressed inside a TextBox. Now a user can submit the Form without pressing the Button.
<asp:Panel ID="Panel1" runat="server" DefaultButton="Button1">
    <asp:TextBox ID="TextBox1" runat="server"></asp:TextBox>
    <br />
    <asp:RequiredFieldValidator ID="RequiredFieldValidator1" runat="server"
        ErrorMessage="Input is required" ValidationGroup="myValGroup"
        Display="Dynamic" ControlToValidate="TextBox1"></asp:RequiredFieldValidator>
    <br />
    <asp:Button ID="Button1" runat="server" Text="Button" ValidationGroup="myValGroup" />

Try the above snippet by pressing enter inside TextBox1

All methods was sourced from or, is licensed under cc by-sa 2.5, cc by-sa 3.0 and cc by-sa 4.0

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