Compare two files for matching lines and store positive results

I have two files.

File 1:

A0001  C001
B0003  C896
A0024  C234
B1542  C231
upto 28412 such lines

File 2:

and 12000 such lines.

I want to compare File 2 against File 1 and store the matching lines from File 1. I tried Perl and Bash but none seems to be working.

The latest thing I tried was something like this:

for (@q) # after storing contents of second file in an array
        $line =`cat File1 | grep $_`; #directly calling File 1 from bash
        print $line;

but it fails.


Thank you for visiting the Q&A section on Magenaut. Please note that all the answers may not help you solve the issue immediately. So please treat them as advisements. If you found the post helpful (or not), leave a comment & I’ll get back to you as soon as possible.

Method 1

This should do the job:

grep -Ff File2 File1

The -f File2 reads the patterns from File2 and the -F treats the patterns as fixed strings (ie no regexes used).

Method 2

You can use awk:

$ awk 'FNR==NR{a[$1];next}($1 in a){print}' file2 file1
A0001   C001
A0024   C234
B1542   C231

Method 3

It looks to me like both files are already sorted on the first field. If so:

join file1 file2

is best, by about as far as your files are large.

All methods was sourced from or, is licensed under cc by-sa 2.5, cc by-sa 3.0 and cc by-sa 4.0

0 0 votes
Article Rating
Notify of
Inline Feedbacks
View all comments