Dealing with large file uploads on ASP.NET Core 1.0

When I’m uploading large files to my web api in ASP.NET Core, the runtime will load the file into memory before my function for processing and storing the upload is fired. With large uploads this becomes an issue as it is both slow and requires more memory. For previous versions of ASP.NET there are some articles on how to disable the buffering of requests, but I’m not able to find any information on how to do this with ASP.NET Core. Is it possible to disable the buffering of requests so I don’t run out of memory on my server all the time?

Answers:

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Method 1

Use the Microsoft.AspNetCore.WebUtilities.MultipartReader because it…

can parse any stream [with] minimal buffering. It gives you the headers and body of each section one at a time and then you do what you want with the body of that section (buffer, discard, write to disk, etc.).

Here is a middleware example.

app.Use(async (context, next) =>
{
    if (!IsMultipartContentType(context.Request.ContentType))
    {
        await next();
        return;
    }

    var boundary = GetBoundary(context.Request.ContentType);
    var reader = new MultipartReader(boundary, context.Request.Body);
    var section = await reader.ReadNextSectionAsync();

    while (section != null)
    {
        // process each image
        const int chunkSize = 1024;
        var buffer = new byte[chunkSize];
        var bytesRead = 0;
        var fileName = GetFileName(section.ContentDisposition);

        using (var stream = new FileStream(fileName, FileMode.Append))
        {
            do
            {
                bytesRead = await section.Body.ReadAsync(buffer, 0, buffer.Length);
                stream.Write(buffer, 0, bytesRead);

            } while (bytesRead > 0);
        }

        section = await reader.ReadNextSectionAsync();
    }

    context.Response.WriteAsync("Done.");
});

Here are the helpers.
private static bool IsMultipartContentType(string contentType)
{
    return 
        !string.IsNullOrEmpty(contentType) &&
        contentType.IndexOf("multipart/", StringComparison.OrdinalIgnoreCase) >= 0;
}

private static string GetBoundary(string contentType)
{
    var elements = contentType.Split(' ');
    var element = elements.Where(entry => entry.StartsWith("boundary=")).First();
    var boundary = element.Substring("boundary=".Length);
    // Remove quotes
    if (boundary.Length >= 2 && boundary[0] == '"' && 
        boundary[boundary.Length - 1] == '"')
    {
        boundary = boundary.Substring(1, boundary.Length - 2);
    }
    return boundary;
}

private string GetFileName(string contentDisposition)
{
    return contentDisposition
        .Split(';')
        .SingleOrDefault(part => part.Contains("filename"))
        .Split('=')
        .Last()
        .Trim('"');
}

External References

Method 2

Shaun Luttin’s answer is great, and now much of the work he’s demonstrated is provided by ASP.Net Core 2.2.

Get the boundary:

// Microsoft.AspNetCore.Http.Extensions.HttpRequestMultipartExtensions
var boundary = Request.GetMultipartBoundary();

if (string.IsNullOrWhiteSpace(boundary))
  return BadRequest();

You still get a section as follows:
var reader = new MultipartReader(boundary, Request.Body);
var section = await reader.ReadNextSectionAsync();

Check the disposition and convert to FileMultipartSection:
if (section.GetContentDispositionHeader())
{
     var fileSection = section.AsFileSection();
     var fileName = fileSection.FileName;

     using (var stream = new FileStream(fileName, FileMode.Append))
         await fileSection.FileStream.CopyToAsync(stream);
}

Method 3

In your Controller you can simply use Request.Form.Files to access the files:

[HttpPost("upload")]
public async Task<IActionResult> UploadAsync(CancellationToken cancellationToken)
{
    if (!Request.HasFormContentType)
        return BadRequest();

    var form = Request.Form;
    foreach(var formFile in form.Files)
    {
        using(var readStream = formFile.OpenReadStream())
        {
            // Do something with the uploaded file
        }
    }


    return Ok();
}


All methods was sourced from stackoverflow.com or stackexchange.com, is licensed under cc by-sa 2.5, cc by-sa 3.0 and cc by-sa 4.0

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