Determine OS using Environment.OSVersion

What is the best to determine the Microsoft OS that is hosting your ASP.NET application using the System.Environment.OSVersion namespace

I need an example for Windows XP, Windows Server 2003 and Windows Vista

Here is what I am trying to accomplish using pseudocode

switch(/* Condition for determining OS */)
{
    case "WindowsXP":
        //Do Windows XP stuff
        break;
    case "Windows Server 2003":
        //Do Windows Server 2003 stuff
        break;
    case "Windows Vista":
        //Do Windows Vista stuff
        break;
}

Answers:

Thank you for visiting the Q&A section on Magenaut. Please note that all the answers may not help you solve the issue immediately. So please treat them as advisements. If you found the post helpful (or not), leave a comment & I’ll get back to you as soon as possible.

Method 1

The following should work. But why do you care? Is just for informational purposes in logging or are you looking for actual capabilities being present on the target platform?

if (Environment.OSVersion.Version.Major == 5)
{
    if (Environment.OSVersion.Version.Minor == 1)
    {
             // XP
    }
    else if (Environment.OSVersion.Version.Minor == 2)
    {
             // Server 2003.  XP 64-bit will also fall in here.
    }
}
else if (Environment.OSVersion.Version.Major >= 6)
{
        // Vista on up
}

Method 2

Not a complete list, but got this from http://support.microsoft.com/kb/304283:

+--------------------------------------------------------------+
|           |Windows|Windows|Windows|Windows NT|Windows|Windows|
|           |  95   |  98   |  Me   |    4.0   | 2000  |  XP   |
+--------------------------------------------------------------+
|PlatformID | 1     | 1     | 1     | 2        | 2     | 2     |
+--------------------------------------------------------------+
|Major      |       |       |       |          |       |       |
| version   | 4     | 4     | 4     | 4        | 5     | 5     |
+--------------------------------------------------------------+
|Minor      |       |       |       |          |       |       |
| version   | 0     | 10    | 90    | 0        | 0     | 1     |
+--------------------------------------------------------------+

Edit: Note, the information returned by System.Environment.OSVersion may be unreliable if the application is running in compatibility mode.

Edit2: I would recommend you just make it a configurable value in your application – that way your code does not need recompilation when a new OS comes out, e.g., Windows 7.

Method 3

If you dont have to be specific about R2 of server editions, a simpler alternative is:

enum OS { _2000, XP, Server2003, Vista, Server2008, _7, Server2012, _8 }

const int OS_ANYSERVER = 29;

[DllImport("shlwapi.dll", SetLastError = true, EntryPoint = "#437")]
static extern bool IsOS(int os);

static bool isWindowsServer = IsOS(OS_ANYSERVER);

public static OS GetOS()
{
    var version = Environment.OSVersion.Version;
    switch (version.Major)
    {
        case 5:
            switch (version.Minor)
            {
                case 0:
                    return OS._2000;
                case 1:
                    return OS.XP;
                case 2:
                    return isWindowsServer ? OS.Server2003 : OS.XP;
            }
            break;
        case 6:
            switch (version.Minor)
            {
                case 0:
                    return isWindowsServer ? OS.Server2008 : OS.Vista;
                case 1:
                    return isWindowsServer ? OS.Server2008 : OS._7;
                case 2:
                    return isWindowsServer ? OS.Server2012 : OS._8;
            }
            break;
    }

    throw new Exception("Strange OS");
}

Copied from here.

To be more specific your options are,

  1. WMI, you will have to some manual parsing. Not sure if user privilege is going to hurt non admin users.
  2. GetVersionEx as described in this answer.
  3. Checking for ProductName at
    HKLMSOFTWAREMicrosoftWindows NTCurrentVersion

Method 4

if(Environment.OSVersion.Version.Major > 5) { /* vista and above */ }


All methods was sourced from stackoverflow.com or stackexchange.com, is licensed under cc by-sa 2.5, cc by-sa 3.0 and cc by-sa 4.0

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