Global ASAX – get the server name

Can anybody tell me if there is a way for me to get the domain name of my site in the Application_Start event in the global.asax?

Normally I’d just get it from Context.Request.ServerVariables[“SERVER_NAME”], but this is not available. I’d ideally also like to get the URL from the request that kicked off the application.


Hmm – from answers below, it would seem that being on IIS7 makes a difference here. This is new and there are now design guidelines to try and stop you from doing it:

IIS Blog

Answers:

Thank you for visiting the Q&A section on Magenaut. Please note that all the answers may not help you solve the issue immediately. So please treat them as advisements. If you found the post helpful (or not), leave a comment & I’ll get back to you as soon as possible.

Method 1

You can access the Context through the static HttpContext.Current member.

HttpContext.Current.Request.ServerVariables["SERVER_NAME"];
HttpContext.Current.Request.Url;

Edit, Based on some of your comments I did some additional research

This error is due to a design change in the IIS7 Integrated pipeline that makes the request context unavailable in Application_Start event. When using the Classic mode (the only mode when running on previous versions of IIS), the request context used to be available, even though the Application_Start event has always been intended as a global and request-agnostic event in the application lifetime. Despite this, because ASP.NET applications were always started by the first request to the app, it used to be possible to get to the request context through the static HttpContext.Current field.

So you have two options

  1. Change your application code to not use the request context (recommended).
  2. Move the application to Classic mode (NOT recommended).

http://mvolo.com/iis7-integrated-mode-request-is-not-available-in-this-context-exception-in-applicationstart/

Method 2

Your web-application could run under multiple different domains. Since there is no current request in the Application_Start event, you cannot know under which domain the application will be called.

You could however find out the machine-name using System.Environment.MachineName.

Method 3

I’m guessing you are on IIS 7? Because the HttpContext is available there on IIS 6.0.

Can you consider filling that information later on? The first call to Application_BeginRequest for example?

Method 4

In VB.NET, in Global.asax, I use the following:

Hosting.HostingEnvironment.ApplicationHost.GetSiteName

It corresponds to the application name in IIS.

UPDATE: It seems the method “GetSiteName” is not intended to be called directly and it doesn’t work anymore for me in Visual Studio 2015 (or maybe it is because the framework version change I made). I fixed it by replacing it by:

System.Web.Hosting.HostingEnvironment.SiteName

Method 5

Do you have access to the Request object at all? If so i think you could use
Request.Url.Authority

It will return the dns host name which is what you are looking for.

G

Method 6

Have you tried: –

System.Web.HttpContext.Current.Request.ServerVariables["SERVER_NAME"]

Thanks,

Phil.


All methods was sourced from stackoverflow.com or stackexchange.com, is licensed under cc by-sa 2.5, cc by-sa 3.0 and cc by-sa 4.0

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