How do I enable GZIP compression for POST (upload) requests to a SOAP WebService on IIS 7?

How can I enable compression for POSTed data uploaded to a .NET WebService (SOAP, not WCF)? I thought it would be a simple matter of enabling dynamic compression in IIS but after enabling, it’s only compressing the response, not the POST request.

I’ve added it as a Service Reference and I can’t find any settings on the generated SOAPClient to enable compression of requests.

It seems I might be missing a configuration setting or code on the client side to compress the request before sending it to the server? Or is what I’m trying to do (GZipping POST data) not even supported?

Further info: I’m using .NET 4.0 on the client and server.

Answers:

Thank you for visiting the Q&A section on Magenaut. Please note that all the answers may not help you solve the issue immediately. So please treat them as advisements. If you found the post helpful (or not), leave a comment & I’ll get back to you as soon as possible.

Method 1

I’ve blogged on that 4 years ago

http://netpl.blogspot.com/2009/07/aspnet-webservices-two-way-response-and.html

I wonder why you haven’t found this by googling. Anyway, this should work for you, we have it working in a production environment for 4 years now.

Method 2

In the end, I used Wiktor Zychla’s answer but came across a couple of bugs (also mentioned in the comments of his article). For completeness, I’ll post my fixed version of the HttpCompression module here but the rest of the code (and implementation guidelines) you need are in Wiktor’s article.

UPDATE:

I’ve actually had to stop using this code as it has a bug I can’t fix (even with my improved version below). For many people behind proxy servers it comes up with an error which says “the magic number in the gzip header is incorrect” and I can’t figure out how to fix this. I think it’s because proxy servers decompress GZIP and this code doesn’t allow for receiving both zipped and non-zipped responses in its current form.

using System;
using System.IO.Compression;
using System.Web;
using System.Web.Security;

/// <summary>
/// Implement two way HTTP compression for the SOAP API
/// Code taken from: http://netpl.blogspot.co.uk/2009/07/aspnet-webservices-two-way-    response-and.html
/// Fix: Set Content-encoding: gzip header when an Exception occurs on the server.
/// Fix: Do not attempt to decrypt GZIP request stream when request was not GZIPed.
/// </summary>
public class HttpCompressionModule : IHttpModule
{
    private bool isDisposed = false;

    ~HttpCompressionModule()
    {
            Dispose(false);
    }

    public void Init(HttpApplication context)
    {
            context.BeginRequest += new EventHandler(Context_BeginRequest);
            context.PreSendRequestHeaders += new EventHandler(context_PreSendRequestHeaders);
    }

    void context_PreSendRequestHeaders(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
            // Fix headers having been lost if an exception occurred.
            HttpApplication app = sender as HttpApplication;
            HttpContext ctx = app.Context;
            if (app.Response.Filter is GZipStream) SetEncoding("gzip");
            else if (app.Response.Filter is DeflateStream) SetEncoding("deflate");

            // Fix double header
            if (ctx.Response.Headers["Content-encoding"] == "gzip,gzip")
                    ctx.Response.Headers.Set("Content-encoding", "gzip");
    }

    public void Context_BeginRequest(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
            HttpApplication app = sender as HttpApplication;
            HttpContext ctx = app.Context;

            // Currently only enable for the Uploader API webservice
            if (!ctx.Request.Url.PathAndQuery.ToLower().Contains("uploaderapi.asmx"))
            {
                    return;
            }

            // Add request filter if request was GZIP encoded
            string requestEncoding = ctx.Request.Headers["Content-encoding"];
            if (requestEncoding != null && requestEncoding == "gzip")
            {
               app.Request.Filter =
                    new System.IO.Compression.GZipStream(app.Request.Filter, CompressionMode.Decompress);
            }

            // Add response compression filter if the client accepts compressed responses
            if (IsEncodingAccepted("gzip"))
            {
                    app.Response.Filter = new GZipStream(app.Response.Filter, CompressionMode.Compress);
                    SetEncoding("gzip");
            }
            else if (IsEncodingAccepted("deflate"))
            {
                    app.Response.Filter = new DeflateStream(app.Response.Filter, CompressionMode.Compress);
                    SetEncoding("deflate");
            }
    }

    private bool IsEncodingAccepted(string encoding)
    {
            return HttpContext.Current.Request.Headers["Accept-encoding"] != null &&
                    HttpContext.Current.Request.Headers["Accept-encoding"].Contains(encoding);
    }

    private void SetEncoding(string encoding)
    {
            HttpContext ctx = HttpContext.Current;
            string responseEncodings = ctx.Response.Headers.Get("Content-encoding");
            if (responseEncodings == null || !responseEncodings.Contains(encoding))
                    HttpContext.Current.Response.AppendHeader("Content-encoding", encoding);
    }

    public void Dispose()
    {
            Dispose(true);
    }

    private void Dispose(bool dispose)
    {
            isDisposed = dispose;
    }
}


All methods was sourced from stackoverflow.com or stackexchange.com, is licensed under cc by-sa 2.5, cc by-sa 3.0 and cc by-sa 4.0

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